If you love foods with loads of flavor, vegan Thai cooking has so much to offer.

Vegan Thai Food: A Guide to Dining Out & Cooking at Home

By Erik Marcus

Thai cooking packs an astonishing variety of flavors, and is certainly among the world’s most delicious vegan-friendly cuisines. It’s one of the most satisfying cuisines for vegans to make at home, but dining out poses challenges.  That’s because, like most Japanese cooking, a tiny amount of seafood is incorporated into the seasonings that go into most savory Thai dishes.

That said, it’s still well worth the effort to explore this cuisine. It’s true that many Thai restaurant dishes aren’t terribly healthy, since they prominently feature coconut milk and white jasmine rice. But the cuisine is nevertheless ridiculously appealing and brings a world of sublime flavors, especially if you favor spicier foods.

The most popular Thai dishes are stir-fried veggies with either tofu or meat, served in a curried coconut milk over rice. Unlike Indian food, where curries consist of a mix of dried spices, Thai curries are moist pastes. These Thai curry pastes come in numerous varieties: red, yellow (panang), green, and massaman. Each of these varieties is based on different spices, offering radically different flavors. Yet they all pair perfectly with coconut milk.

Ordering Vegan Thai Food at Restaurants

The vast majority of Thai restaurants put ground shrimp into each of their curries. Since the curry pastes mixed into each meal are pre-made, there’s really no way you can order a standard curry item from these restaurants and get them to withhold the shrimp. They’ll also often squirt some fish sauce onto the noodles or into the coconut milk.

At Thai restaurants that don’t cater to vegans, your best choice may be to special order vegetables and tofu in plain coconut milk, seasoned only with salt and lemon juice, and accompanied by jasmine rice. Since coconut milk is so ridiculously delicious your meal will still have plenty of flavor even without the curry seasoning. Alternately, you can go super basic and ask for plain stir-fried vegetables seasoned with soy sauce rather than fish sauce.

vegan panang curry
Some legit vegan Thai food served up at Satsang restaurant in Prague. This is a panang curry served with jasmine rice.

Popular Thai Menu Items

At Thai restaurants worldwide, the most famous entree is Pad Thai. This is a rice noodle dish seasoned with tamarind sauce and garnished with crunchy mung bean sprouts and chopped peanuts. Unfortunately, Pad Thai traditionally includes eggs. Some restaurants can leave the egg out and still produce a delicious dish. Other restaurants won’t accommodate requests to serve Pad Thai egg-free, and the counter person will glare at you like you’re insane.

The two most popular Thai soups are tom yum and tom kah. Both feature vegetables, the former in a clear yellow broth and the latter in a base of spicy coconut milk. These soups are pre-made so, once again, it’ll be impossible to order yours without the fish or shrimp sauce they typically contain. So if you’re in the Thai restaurant that isn’t the least bit vegan friendly you’re best off skipping the soup. Unfortunately, they’ll often serve you some anyway along with your entree but if you graciously reject it when it arrives, at least it won’t go to waste.

Even at the least vegan-friendly Thai restaurants, there’s one option that’s always vegan. The most popular Thai dessert is “sticky rice” and it’s invariably vegan. Just three ingredients deliver a classic combination: rice drizzled with sweetened coconut milk, and topped with mango slices. Obviously this dish’s success hinges on the quality of the mangoes. Made with perfectly ripe mangoes it becomes one of the most delicious desserts in the universe.

As vegan diets continue to increase in popularity, more Thai restaurants are banishing the shrimp and fish sauce from at least one of their curry options. But since seafood-based sauces vanish undetectably into Thai food, there’s a big element of trust when it comes to ordering vegan Thai food from non-vegan restaurants.

Cooking Vegan Thai Food at Home

If all else fails you can always cook outstanding vegan Thai food at home. Thai Kitchen makes excellent green and red curry pastes, and both products are vegan. Just add a tablespoon of curry paste to a can of coconut milk and you’re in business. Serve it over stir-fried veggies and jasmine rice, then squirt on some lime juice, and you’ve got some seriously legit Thai food with minimal effort. Want to venture even further into Thai cooking? Vegan Thai Kitchen, by Sarah & Renoo Jansala, is a gorgeous title exclusively devoted to the topic.

Despite its challenges to vegans, don’t be shy about seeking out Thai food. If you haven’t yet explored this cuisine, don’t delay any longer! The challenges you may encounter when eating out are surmountable. And Thai food offers some of the most unforgettable flavors in the entire realm of vegan cooking.

For further reading, check out our vegan cooking guide and our directory of vegan-friendly world cuisines.

Newsletter Signup

Our newsletter is sent out irregularly and infrequently, because we only want to hit your inbox when we’ve got something compelling to share.